Get SQL Server query results as JSON

The simplest way to get query results as JSON is to use FOR JSON PATH in the query (note: this was added in SQL Server 2016): It returns the results as a single JSON string with one JSON object per row: Note: SQL Server returns the JSON without indenting. All examples in this article show … Read more

C# – How to use table-valued parameters (TVP) with ADO.NET, Dapper, and EF Core

Table-valued parameters (TVP) allow you to send multiple rows of data as a parameter into SQL queries. TVPs are flexible. They can be used in both raw SQL queries and with stored procs, and can be used in all types of queries, from inserts to selects. In this article, I’ll show how to use TVPs … Read more

ASP.NET Core – Log messages to the database in the background

I was reading about logging in ASP.NET when I came across this statement about logging to the database: When logging to SQL Server, don’t do so directly. Instead, add log messages to an in-memory queue and have a background worker dequeue and insert data to SQL Server. Paraphrased from https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/aspnet/core/fundamentals/logging/?view=aspnetcore-5.0#no-asynchronous-logger-methods In this article, I’ll show … Read more

SQL Server – How to use INFORMATION_SCHEMA to find database metadata

Let’s say you want to find all columns in a database that have the word ‘Name’ in the column name. You can query INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS, like this: This query returns the following five rows showing the table name, column name, and column data type: TABLE_NAME COLUMN_NAME DATA_TYPE Actors FirstName nvarchar Actors LastName nvarchar Actors Fullname nvarchar … Read more

Case sensitivity in SQL Server

In SQL Server, the collation property controls case sensitivity. Case sensitivity affects sorting and queries (even the column names must match exactly if you’re using a case-sensitive collation at the database-level). The default collation when you create a database in SQL Server is SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS. The CI stands for case-insensitive, which means SQL Server databases are … Read more

System.Data.SqlClient is missing in a .NET Core project

When you create a new project in .NET Core, and you try to use a class from ADO.NET, such as SqlConnection, you’ll get missing reference errors. For example, your code might look something like this, and it’ll have red-squiggly lines under SqlConnection: In the past, you’d simply add a reference to System.Data.SqlClient, like this: To … Read more

SqlException: Cannot insert explicit value for identity column

When you have a table with an identity column, and you try to specify the value for identity column when inserting a record, you’ll get the following exception: Microsoft.Data.SqlClient.SqlException (0x80131904): Cannot insert explicit value for identity column in table ‘Movies’ when IDENTITY_INSERT is set to OFF. This error means you have an identity column in … Read more

EF Core – SELECT queries involving multiple tables

When you have tables that are related, you’ll often need to get data from both tables at once, or filter records from one table based on values in another table. In this article, I’ll show examples of executing queries like this where more than one table is involved. You can do most queries using LINQ. … Read more

EF Core – Basic SELECT queries

In this article, I’ll show examples of how to execute basic SELECT queries when using EF Core. You can execute queries using LINQ or by writing raw SQL. I’ll use SQL Profiler to show the queries generated by LINQ. Note: I’ll be using .AsNoTracking().ToListAsync() in all cases. You’ll need to decide if that’s the right … Read more

EF Core – How to add a computed column

To add a computed column in EF Core, override DbContext.OnModelCreating() and specify the computed column using ModelBuilder, like this: In this article, I’ll show a full example of adding a computed column and then show how to specify that the computed column should be persisted. Example of adding a computed column Let’s say we have … Read more