C# – Unit testing code that does File IO

If your code does File IO, such as reading text from a file, then it’s dependent on the file system. This is an external dependency. In order to make the unit tests fast and reliable, you can mock out the external dependencies. To mock out the file system dependency, you can wrap the File IO … Read more

Quick way to create a unit test project in Visual Studio

You don’t need to manually create a unit test project (through the UI or through the command line). Instead, you can can use the Create Unit Tests command in Visual Studio to generate a unit test project, add it to the solution, and wire up a test stub all at once. Note: This approach can … Read more

Moq – Verifying parameters passed to a mocked method

When you need to verify that the code under test called a method with the expected parameters, you can mock the method with Moq and use Verify() + It.Is<T>() to check the parameters passed in. Verify() asserts that the method call happened as expected with the specified parameters. Here’s an example. This is verifying that … Read more

Moq – How to use Callback() to capture parameters passed to mocked methods

When you’re using Moq to set up a mocked method, you can use Callback() to capture the parameters passed into the mocked method: There are two main use cases for capturing parameters in a test: Logging method calls for troubleshooting. Simplifying assertions involving complex parameters. In this article, I’ll show examples of using Callback() in … Read more

Error CS0854 when you’re using Moq with optional parameters

Problem Optional parameters aren’t optional when you’re using Moq. When you’re setting up or verifying a method call on a mock object, and the method has an optional parameter that you didn’t specify a value for, you’ll get the following compiler error: Error CS0854 – An expression tree may not contain a call or invocation … Read more

Algorithm Explained: Get the max items you can purchase with a fixed budget

Problem statement: Given a fixed budget and a list of item prices. What is the max number of items you can purchase? You can only buy each item once. Note: This is the Mark and Toys problem from HackerRank. Example: You’re given $10 and a list of items to choose from: A cool coffee cup … Read more

C# – Check if a string contains any substring from a list

There are many different scenarios where you might want to check a string against a list of substrings. Perhaps you’re dealing with messy exception handling and have to compare the exception message against a list of known error messages to determine if the error is transient or not. When you need to check a string … Read more

C# – Pad a 2D array on all sides

Padding a 2D array on all sides means adding new rows on the top and bottom, new columns on the left and right, and then copying the original elements to the center of the padded array. It looks like this: There are two approaches for copying the elements. You can either copy individual items in … Read more

ASP.NET Core – How to unit test your middleware class

There are three requirements for unit testing a middleware class: Mock out RequestDelegate by defining a lambda that returns a Task (Task.FromException, Task.FromResult, or Task.FromCanceled). Mock out HttpContext by using DefaultHttpContext. The middleware function needs to be awaited, so your unit test needs to be defined with async Task. Here’s an example: This is a … Read more