JsonException: The JSON value could not be converted to Enum

When you’re using System.Text.Json to deserialize JSON that contains the string representation of an enum, you get the following exception:

System.Text.Json.JsonException: The JSON value could not be converted to <Enum Type>

The following JSON would cause this exception. Conference is an enum, and this is using the string representation “NFC” instead of the numeric value of the enum.

{ "TeamName": "Detroit Lions", "Conference": "NFC" }
Code language: JSON / JSON with Comments (json)

Solution

By default, System.Text.Json doesn’t handle enum strings.

You need to pass in a JsonStringEnumConverter via JsonSerializerOptions, and pass in the options when deserializing:

var options = new JsonSerializerOptions(); options.Converters.Add(new JsonStringEnumConverter()); var team = JsonSerializer.Deserialize<NFLTeam>(json, options);
Code language: C# (cs)

The same problem happens for serialization. If you don’t pass in the JsonStringEnumConverter, it’ll serialize objects with the enum numeric value, instead of their string representation.

3 thoughts on “JsonException: The JSON value could not be converted to Enum”

    • I mostly agree. Newtonsoft works as expected most of the time, whereas System.Text.Json’s default behavior is counter-intuitive in many cases. I think this is because it’s relatively new (compared with Newtonsoft). Hopefully Microsoft continues to improve it, and quickly.

      Reply
  1. Thanks for this, came up on the first page on google when i googled “the json value could not be converted to enum”

    Reply

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