EF Core – Add a foreign key

In this article, I’ll show how to add a foreign key using EF Core. Then I’ll show how foreign keys affect inserts and deletes. How to add a foreign key A Show has one or more Episodes. In this section, I’ll show how to link these two tables together to enforce the 1-to-many relationship. In … Read more

EF Core – Apply migrations programmatically

DbContext.Database has a few methods you can call to manage migrations programmatically. To apply any pending migrations: If the database doesn’t exist, MigrateAsync() will create it and then apply the migrations. To check if there are any pending migrations: To check which migrations have been applied: To apply a specific migration: This migrates up or … Read more

EF Core – Database schema changes

Anytime you change the definition of the database – from renaming a column to creating a table – it’s referred to as a database schema change. With EF Core, you deal with database schema changes by using migrations. When you first create the database, you create a migration that contains the initial definition of the … Read more

SQL Server – DB is currently in use

Problem Let’s say you’re running in a test/dev environment and you’re trying to alter the database. For example, you may be trying to drop the database: But you get the following error message and your command fails: Cannot drop database “CSI” because it is currently in use. This means there are other open connections on … Read more

SQL Server – Getting and storing date/time

In this article, I’ll show built-in functions in SQL Server for getting the current datetime and how to get individual parts of the datetime (such as the year). Then show I’ll show how to store datetimes using the four different date/time data types (date, time, datetime2, and datetimeoffset). Getting the current datetime SQL Server has … Read more

C# – How to handle nulls with SqlDataReader

SqlDataReader returns a DBNull object when a column is null. This isn’t the same as a C# null. You can check if the column is null by comparing it with DBNull.Value or by using SqlDataReader.IsDBNull(). Here’s an example showing these two ways of checking if a column is null: After checking if the column is … Read more

C# – Using SqlDataReader to process multiple result sets

In this article I’ll show how to use the SqlDataReader ADO.NET class in two scenarios involving multiple result sets: Batches – When you execute multiple SELECTs in a single query. Each SELECT returns a different result set. You use a single reader to process the batch. Nested Queries – When you use multiple SqlDataReaders on … Read more

Modifying JSON in SQL Server

There are two ways to modify JSON data in a SQL Server table: Use the JSON_MODIFY() function in an UPDATE statement to change individual properties inside the JSON data. Completely replace the JSON data with a regular UPDATE statement. In this article, I’ll show how to insert, update, and delete JSON data by using the … Read more

Querying JSON in SQL Server

In SQL Server 2016 they added support for handling JSON data. You can add JSON data, query it, and modify it. The JSON API in SQL Server is well-suited for simple scenarios where you only need to do basic querying and manipulation. For advanced querying, the SQL Server JSON API gets complicated and hard to … Read more

SQL Server – Foreach Table

To execute a query against all tables in a database, you can use the sp_msForeachTable stored proc, like this: Note: The ? is a placeholder for the table name. In this article I’ll show two examples of using sp_msForeachTable. Example – Get record counts for all tables This query saves record counts to a temp … Read more

PowerShell – Saving SQL query results to a CSV file

Here’s how to execute a SQL query and export the results to a CSV file: If Invoke-SqlCmd is missing, install the SqlServer module If it’s complaining about not having Invoke-SqlCmd available, you will need to install the SQL Server PowerShell module. 1 – Run PowerShell as administrator 2 – Add Microsoft’s PSGallery as a trusted … Read more

SQL – Filtering GROUP BY with HAVING and WHERE

There are two ways to filter GROUP BY results: In other words, WHERE controls which rows will be considered for grouping, GROUP BY groups the filtered rows, and then HAVING filters the groups. I’ll show examples below. Example – Using WHERE with GROUP BY Let’s say you have the following table and you want to … Read more

C# – How to use IN with Dapper

Let’s say you have a SQL Query that uses IN and you want to execute it using Dapper. Your query looks something like this: Here’s how you’d execute that with Dapper: Then you’d call it like this: There are two key things to notice about this: You have to exclude the parentheses. I specified one … Read more

KeyNotFoundException: The given key was not present in the dictionary

Problem The following exception is thrown when you try to get a value from a dictionary using a key that doesn’t exist in the dictionary: KeyNotFoundException: ‘The given key was not present in the dictionary.’ Consider the following the example: When the user enters a city name that isn’t in the dictionary, such as “New … Read more

SqlTypeException: SqlDateTime overflow

Problem I am executing a SQL query and trying to set a datetime column to DateTime.MinValue. I’m getting the following exception: System.Data.SqlTypes.SqlTypeException: ‘SqlDateTime overflow. Must be between 1/1/1753 12:00:00 AM and 12/31/9999 11:59:59 PM.’ The problem is that DateTime.MinValue is 1/1/0001 12:00:00 AM and the SQL Server DateTime minimum value is 1/1/1753 12:00 AM. Solution … Read more

Event-driven .NET: How to use query notifications in SQL Server to monitor database changes

How do you check for new records in a database and react to the new data? You really only have two options: Poll for changes every X seconds Use query notifications to be notified when new data is inserted In this article I’ll show you how to configure query notifications so that your application receives … Read more