ASP.NET Core – How to unit test an action filter

To unit test an action filter, you have to pass in an action filter context object (which requires a lot of setup). Action filter methods are void, so you have to verify the behavior by inspecting the context object (or dependencies, like a logger, if you are injecting those). Here’s an example of doing the … Read more

ASP.NET Core – How to add your own action filter

Action filters allow you to look at requests right before they are routed to an action method (and responses right after they are returned from the action method). The simplest way to add your own action filter in ASP.NET Core is to subclass ActionFilterAttribute and then override the appropriate methods depending on if you want … Read more

ASP.NET Core – How to unit test your middleware class

There are three requirements for unit testing a middleware class: Mock out RequestDelegate by defining a lambda that returns a Task (Task.FromException, Task.FromResult, or Task.FromCanceled). Mock out HttpContext by using DefaultHttpContext. The middleware function needs to be awaited, so your unit test needs to be defined with async Task. Here’s an example: This is a … Read more

ASP.NET Core – How to add your own middleware function

Middleware functions have access to requests before they are sent to the controllers. Likewise, they have access to responses from the controllers before they are returned to the client. This is useful for doing things like logging the request and response, generating stats about requests, handling exceptions, and many more scenarios. In this article, first … Read more

ASP.NET Core – How to unit test an ApiController

The key to unit testing an ApiController class is to mock out all of its dependencies, including the controller’s HttpContext property, like this: If the controller method you’re testing uses anything from the HttpContext, then you’ll want to swap in your own value. Otherwise HttpContext will be null and you’ll get a NullReferenceException. Fortunately Microsoft … Read more