C# – Round up to the nearest 30 minutes

Here’s how to round a DateTime up to the nearest 30 minutes: When the time is 3:38 pm, it rounds to 4:00 pm. When it’s 5:03 pm, it rounds to 5:30 pm. When it’s exactly 2:00 pm, it’ll round up to 2:30 pm (note: see the What if you’re at the start of a 30 … Read more

C# – Disposing the request HttpContent when using HttpClient

Before .NET Core 3.0 (including .NET Framework), HttpClient disposes the request HttpContent object for you. This is surprising default behavior (a violation of the principle of least surprise for sure). This causes multiple problems, but one of the main problems is it prevents you from reusing the HttpContent object (you’re greeted with an ObjectDisposedException if … Read more

C# – Remove non-alphanumeric characters from a string

The simplest way to remove non-alphanumeric characters from a string is to use regex: Note: Don’t pass in a null, otherwise you’ll get an exception. Regex is the simplest approach for solving this problem, but it’s also the slowest. If you’re concerned about the performance take a look at the performance section below. This example … Read more

ASP.NET Core – How to unit test an action filter

To unit test an action filter, you have to pass in an action filter context object (which requires a lot of setup). Action filter methods are void, so you have to verify the behavior by inspecting the context object (or dependencies, like a logger, if you are injecting those). Here’s an example of doing the … Read more

C# – Trim a UTF-8 string to the specified number of bytes

Here’s the simplest way to efficiently trim a UTF-8 string to the specified number of bytes: A UTF-8 string can have a mix of characters between 1 to 4 bytes. When you only take part of the byte array, you may end up cutting multi-byte chars in half, which then get replaced with the replacement … Read more

C# – How to match an anonymous type parameter in a mocked method

When an anonymous type is defined in one assembly, it won’t match an anonymous type defined in another assembly. This causes problems when you’re unit testing and trying to mock a method that has an an anonymous type parameter. For example, let’s say you’re trying to unit test the following method: To unit test this, … Read more

C# – Add or overwrite a value in ConcurrentDictionary

The simplest way to add or overwrite a value in a ConcurrentDictionary is to use the indexer: If the key doesn’t exist, this adds it. If the key exists, this overwrites it. The indexer is thread-safe. The indexer is the simplest way to unconditionally add / overwrite a value. Sometimes you’ll want to use other … Read more

C# – Convert a list to a dictionary

The simplest way to convert a list to a dictionary is to use the Linq ToDictionary() method: This loops through the list and uses the key/element selector lambdas you passed in to build the dictionary. In this article, I’ll go into details about how to use ToDictionary() and show how to deal with duplicate keys. … Read more

C# – Unit testing code that does File IO

If your code does File IO, such as reading text from a file, then it’s dependent on the file system. This is an external dependency. In order to make the unit tests fast and reliable, you can mock out the external dependencies. To mock out the file system dependency, you can wrap the File IO … Read more

C# – Select distinct objects based on a property

There are three ways to select distinct objects based on a property using Linq: These select one movie per year: GroupBy() is the simplest because it doesn’t require any additional code. Distinct() is faster but it’s more complicated. DistinctBy() is the fastest and simplest, but requires the most code (it requires .NET 6 or getting … Read more